Solaris Troubleshooting : Configuration of serial consoles (headless) for legacy server hardware
the definition of a headless system is one that does not have an attached keyboard or does not have a Sun console. It will, by default, send the boot information out serial port A if the keyboard or console are not attached. Serial port B can also be used.
Attach using NULL modem cable to:
-An ascii terminal- For example, Wyse terminal
-Another Sun workstation that has a Sun console
-A Network terminal concentrator/server
Technical Support does not recommend booting off a serial port with a modem attached or not having any type of console. A console allows the ability to send a break signal dropping the system to the OK prompt for diagnostics. The console device is /dev/console.
What needs to be configured on Solaris:
A. Open Boot Prom:
OK> setenv output-device ttya
OK> setenv input-device ttya
Note: the above is not necessary on tty A if the keyboard is disconnected. It is necessary to change these setting for serial port B regardless.
Syntax for changing Open Boot Prom value:
OK> setenv ttya-rts-dtr-off false
OK> setenv ttya-ignore-cd true
Use printenv to verify the following settings:
OK> setenv ttya-mode 9600,8,n,1,-
Run the “reset” command to make the above settings take effect
B. The terminal type, /etc/inittab and port monitors
Do not start port monitor services for the serial port. Verify with pmadm -l. Make sure there are no listings for the tty port that is acting as the console.
To remove type:
pmadm -p zsmon -r -s <SVCTAG>
SVCTAG will be ttya or ttyb.
/etc/inittab takes care of setting the console port characteristics with the following line:
co:234:respawn:/usr/lib/saf/ttymon -g -h -p “`uname -n` console login: ” -T sun -d /dev/console -l console -m ldterm,ttcompat
By default the console terminal type is “sun” specified with the -T option above. This means that for ascii terminals vi will not work. Inorder for programs like vi to work the TERM variable needs to be changed to match the “personality” of the terminal.
This can be done by modifying -T in /etc/inittab to ‘wyse30‘ (for example) or changing the TERM variable in .login, .profile, or .cshrc or at the command line, for example:
setenv TERM wyse30
C. Sending a Break Signal
Unplugging the serial cable is the equivalent to sending a break and will bring the Sun box down to the OK prompt. If the cable was not attached during bootup plugging it in may send a break. When a Network Terminal Server is rebooted this will also send a break and bring the Sun boxes down to the OK prompt.
What needs to be configured on the terminal
Ascii terminals have a setup mode. For the wyse30 <shift><setup> keys will bring up the terminals parameters. Use the arrow keys and the space bar to proceed through the settings.
Settings: 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit (8, none, 1)
baud: Use 9600!
personality (modes) : vt100, wyse60, etc needs to match the Solaris